Document (#30313)

Author
Koch, C.
Title
Bewusstsein : Bekenntnisse eines Hirnforschers
Issue
Aus d. Engl. übersetzt von Monika Niehaus und Jorunn Wissmann.
Imprint
Berlin : Springer Spektrum
Year
2013
Pages
XV, 332 S
Isbn
978-3-642-34770-2
Abstract
Wie kann Aktivität im Gehirn Gefühle auslösen? Wie kann "bloßes Fleisch" - so wird der Körper in Cyberpunkromanen oft abfällig genannt -- subjektives Empfinden hervorbringen? Oder allgemeiner gesagt: Wie kann etwas Physisches etwas Nichtphysisches, subjektive Zustände erzeugen? Ob es der Zahnschmerz ist, die Freude beim Anblick der eigenen Kinder oder der Geschmack eines edlen Weins, sie alle haben denselben Ursprung in der Aktivität von Nervengewebe, im Bewusstsein. Christof Koch forscht seit Jahren über das Thema Bewusstsein. In einer Art Bestandsaufnahme zeigt er den derzeitigen Stand der Forschung auf, an dem auch maßgeblich Wissenschaftler wie Francis Crick, Ned Block, David Chalmers, Stanislas Dehaene, Giulio Tononi und Wolf Singer mitgewirkt haben. Ihm erscheint nicht als Widerspruch, mit naturwissenschaftlichen, empirischen Methoden erklären zu wollen, wie Gefühle entstehen. Wir sind uns der meisten Dinge, die in unserem Kopf vorgehen, nicht bewusst. Koch postuliert, dass Zombies ohne Bewusstsein in weiten Teilen unser Leben steuern, auch wenn wir der festen Überzeugung sind, darüber selbst zu bestimmen. Seiner Meinung nach wird es gelingen, empfindungsfähige Maschinen zu bauen - er liefert eine erste Vorlage hierfür im Buch. Er reflektiert so diverse Aspekte wie die Unterscheidung zwischen Aufmerksamkeit und Bewusstsein, das Unbewusste, die Physik und Biologie des freien Willen, Hunde, den Ring der Nibelungen, den Glauben an einen persönlichen Gott und Traurigkeit. Kochs Buch ist mehr als ein wissenschaftlicher Überblick - es ist zudem Bekenntnis, Autobiographie und futuristische Spekulation.
Footnote
Originaltitel: Consciousness: confession of a romantic reductionist.
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
RSWK
Bewusstsein / Gehirn / Neurobiologie
Bewusstsein / Willensfreiheit / Leib-Seele-Problem
BK
77.50 (Psychophysiologie)
77.31 (Kognition)
DDC
612.82 / DDC22ger
500 / 22sdnb
SFB
MED 182
PSY 200
RVK
CC 5500
CP 4600
WW 4200
YG 1600

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