Document (#26707)

Author
dpa
Title
Speicher für eine universelle Grammatik
Source
Frankfurter Rundschau. Nr.150 vom 2.7.2003, S.WB3
Year
2003
Series
Wissen: Hirnforschung
Abstract
Im menschlichen Gehirn könnte nach einer Studie Hamburger Forscher bereits eine universelle Grammatik verankert sein. In der Untersuchung war das Sprachzentrum der Probanden sehr aktiv, wenn sie die Grammatik einer echten Sprache wie Italienisch oder Japanisch lernten. Bei frei erfundenen Grammatikregeln war dieses so genannte Broca-Zentrum dagegen weniger einbezogen. Das berichtete das Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf. Die Studie sei ein Beleg für eine bereits vor 30 Jahren erstellte Theorie des Linguisten Noam Chomsky, nach der es eine angeborene sprachenübergreifende Grammatik gibt, die alle Menschen der Erde teilen. Dieses Ergebnis sei wichtig, um zu verstehen, wie das Gehirn Sprache bildet, heißt es in einem Kommentar des Fachblattes Nature Neuroscience, das die Hamburger Studie veröffentlicht hat. Es sei aber noch kein endgültiger Beweis dafür, dass die Broca-Region die neuronale Grundlage für eine universelle Grammatik sei.
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
Sprachwissenschaft

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