Document (#32143)

Author
Makri, S.
Blandford, A.
Gow, J.
Rimmer, J.
Warwick, C.
Buchanan, G.
Title
¬A library or just another information resource? : a case study of users' mental models of taditional and digital libraries
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 58(2007) no.3, S.433-445
Year
2007
Abstract
A user's understanding of the libraries they work in, and hence of what they can do in those libraries, is encapsulated in their "mental models" of those libraries. In this article, we present a focused case study of users' mental models of traditional and digital libraries based on observations and interviews with eight participants. It was found that a poor understanding of access restrictions led to risk-averse behavior, whereas a poor understanding of search algorithms and relevance ranking resulted in trial-and-error behavior. This highlights the importance of rich feedback in helping users to construct useful mental models. Although the use of concrete analogies for digital libraries was not widespread, participants used their knowledge of Internet search engines to infer how searching might work in digital libraries. Indeed, most participants did not clearly distinguish between different kinds of digital resource, viewing the electronic library catalogue, abstracting services, digital libraries, and Internet search engines as variants on a theme.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Blandford, A.; Adams, A.; Attfield, S.; Buchanan, G.; Gow, J.; Makri, S.; Rimmer, J.; Warwick, C.: ¬The PRET A Rapporter framework : evaluating digital libraries from the perspective of information work (2008) 4.46
    4.455839 = sum of:
      4.455839 = sum of:
        0.94469297 = weight(author_txt:buchanan in 4022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.94469297 = score(doc=4022,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.4468763 = queryWeight, product of:
              8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
              0.052847438 = queryNorm
            2.1139922 = fieldWeight in 4022, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=4022)
        1.0043421 = weight(author_txt:blandford in 4022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.0043421 = score(doc=4022,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.46549457 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.020619 = boost
              8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
              0.052847438 = queryNorm
            2.1575806 = fieldWeight in 4022, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=4022)
        1.1264509 = weight(author_txt:makri in 4022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.1264509 = score(doc=4022,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.5024988 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0604101 = boost
              8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
              0.052847438 = queryNorm
            2.2416987 = fieldWeight in 4022, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=4022)
        1.3803535 = weight(author_txt:warwick in 4022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.3803535 = score(doc=4022,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.57542276 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.1347492 = boost
              9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
              0.052847438 = queryNorm
            2.398851 = fieldWeight in 4022, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=4022)
    
  2. Rimmer, J.; Warwick, C.; Blandford, A.; Gow, J.; Buchanan, G.: ¬An examination of the physical and the digital qualities of humanities research (2008) 3.12
    3.1213017 = sum of:
      3.1213017 = product of:
        4.1617355 = sum of:
          1.1808662 = weight(author_txt:buchanan in 4099) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1808662 = score(doc=4099,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4468763 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.6424904 = fieldWeight in 4099, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4099)
          1.2554276 = weight(author_txt:blandford in 4099) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.2554276 = score(doc=4099,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46549457 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.020619 = boost
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.6969757 = fieldWeight in 4099, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4099)
          1.7254418 = weight(author_txt:warwick in 4099) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.7254418 = score(doc=4099,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.57542276 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1347492 = boost
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.9985638 = fieldWeight in 4099, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=4099)
        0.75 = coord(3/4)
    
  3. Warwick, C.; Rimmer, J.; Blandford, A.; Gow, J.; Buchanan, G.: Cognitive economy and satisficing in information seeking : a longitudinal study of undergraduate information behavior (2009) 3.12
    3.1213017 = sum of:
      3.1213017 = product of:
        4.1617355 = sum of:
          1.1808662 = weight(author_txt:buchanan in 292) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.1808662 = score(doc=292,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4468763 = queryWeight, product of:
                8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.6424904 = fieldWeight in 292, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=292)
          1.2554276 = weight(author_txt:blandford in 292) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.2554276 = score(doc=292,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46549457 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.020619 = boost
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.6969757 = fieldWeight in 292, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=292)
          1.7254418 = weight(author_txt:warwick in 292) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.7254418 = score(doc=292,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.57542276 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1347492 = boost
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              2.9985638 = fieldWeight in 292, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=292)
        0.75 = coord(3/4)
    
  4. Makri, S.; Warwick, C.: Information for inspiration : understanding architects' information seeking and use behaviors to inform design (2010) 2.51
    2.5068045 = sum of:
      2.5068045 = product of:
        5.013609 = sum of:
          2.2529018 = weight(author_txt:makri in 444) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.2529018 = score(doc=444,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5024988 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0604101 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              4.4833975 = fieldWeight in 444, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=444)
          2.760707 = weight(author_txt:warwick in 444) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.760707 = score(doc=444,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.57542276 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1347492 = boost
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              4.797702 = fieldWeight in 444, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.595404 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=444)
        0.5 = coord(2/4)
    
  5. Makri, S.; Blandford, A.: Coming across information serendipitously : Part 2: A classification framework (2012) 2.13
    2.130793 = sum of:
      2.130793 = product of:
        4.261586 = sum of:
          2.0086842 = weight(author_txt:blandford in 1861) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.0086842 = score(doc=1861,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.46549457 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.020619 = boost
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              4.315161 = fieldWeight in 1861, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.630322 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1861)
          2.2529018 = weight(author_txt:makri in 1861) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.2529018 = score(doc=1861,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5024988 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0604101 = boost
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.052847438 = queryNorm
              4.4833975 = fieldWeight in 1861, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.966795 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=43254)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1861)
        0.5 = coord(2/4)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Zhang, Y.: Undergraduate students' mental models of the Web as an information retrieval system (2008) 0.31
    0.3122475 = sum of:
      0.3122475 = product of:
        1.1151696 = sum of:
          0.04200349 = weight(abstract_txt:resource in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04200349 = score(doc=4386,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13440354 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3542856 = boost
                5.0002837 = idf(docFreq=791, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.31251773 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.0002837 = idf(docFreq=791, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.04986905 = weight(abstract_txt:engines in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04986905 = score(doc=4386,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15069813 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.434032 = boost
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.33092016 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.0425479 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0425479 = score(doc=4386,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10759594 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4840499 = boost
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.3954415 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.06857251 = weight(abstract_txt:understanding in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06857251 = score(doc=4386,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16930674 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8616055 = boost
                4.582271 = idf(docFreq=1202, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.40501937 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.582271 = idf(docFreq=1202, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.07902819 = weight(abstract_txt:participants in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07902819 = score(doc=4386,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23447987 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.190803 = boost
                5.392578 = idf(docFreq=534, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.33703613 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.392578 = idf(docFreq=534, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.21780488 = weight(abstract_txt:models in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21780488 = score(doc=4386,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.23547357 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5350761 = boost
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.92496526 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
          0.61534363 = weight(abstract_txt:mental in 4386) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.61534363 = score(doc=4386,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.48741037 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6472647 = boost
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              1.2624755 = fieldWeight in 4386, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4386)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Zhang, Y.; Broussard, R.; Ke, W.; Gong, X.: Evaluation of a scatter/gather interface for supporting distinct health information search tasks (2014) 0.25
    0.24742824 = sum of:
      0.24742824 = product of:
        0.77321327 = sum of:
          0.018009506 = weight(abstract_txt:they in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018009506 = score(doc=2726,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07642257 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0212116 = boost
                3.7705102 = idf(docFreq=2708, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.23565689 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7705102 = idf(docFreq=2708, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.06913711 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06913711 = score(doc=2726,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1487138 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4245594 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.46490043 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.07052548 = weight(abstract_txt:engines in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07052548 = score(doc=2726,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15069813 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.434032 = boost
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.46799177 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.051304396 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.051304396 = score(doc=2726,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.10280887 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4506607 = boost
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.49902692 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.064992994 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.064992994 = score(doc=2726,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.10759594 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4840499 = boost
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.6040469 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.11176273 = weight(abstract_txt:participants in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11176273 = score(doc=2726,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23447987 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.190803 = boost
                5.392578 = idf(docFreq=534, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.47664106 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.392578 = idf(docFreq=534, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.09740529 = weight(abstract_txt:models in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09740529 = score(doc=2726,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23547357 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5350761 = boost
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.413657 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
          0.29007578 = weight(abstract_txt:mental in 2726) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29007578 = score(doc=2726,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.48741037 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6472647 = boost
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.59513664 = fieldWeight in 2726, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2726)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  3. He, W.; Erdelez, S.; Wang, F.-K.; Shyu, C.-R.: ¬The effects of conceptual description and search practice on users' mental models and information seeking in a case-based reasoning retrieval system (2008) 0.23
    0.2283415 = sum of:
      0.2283415 = product of:
        0.9514229 = sum of:
          0.027047511 = weight(abstract_txt:those in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027047511 = score(doc=4037,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10022406 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.169475 = boost
                4.317927 = idf(docFreq=1566, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.26987043 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.317927 = idf(docFreq=1566, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
          0.037633546 = weight(abstract_txt:case in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037633546 = score(doc=4037,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12491192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3055902 = boost
                4.8204904 = idf(docFreq=947, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.30128065 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8204904 = idf(docFreq=947, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
          0.032447744 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032447744 = score(doc=4037,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10280887 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4506607 = boost
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.31561232 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
          0.091913976 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.091913976 = score(doc=4037,freq=14.0), product of:
              0.10759594 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4840499 = boost
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.8542513 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                3.7416575 = tf(freq=14.0), with freq of:
                  14.0 = termFreq=14.0
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
          0.18222862 = weight(abstract_txt:models in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18222862 = score(doc=4037,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.23547357 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5350761 = boost
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.77388144 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
          0.58015156 = weight(abstract_txt:mental in 4037) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.58015156 = score(doc=4037,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.48741037 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6472647 = boost
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              1.1902733 = fieldWeight in 4037, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                6.7332025 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4037)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Prasad, A.R.D.; Madalli, D.P.: Faceted infrastructure for semantic digital libraries (2008) 0.19
    0.18954803 = sum of:
      0.18954803 = product of:
        0.67695725 = sum of:
          0.018009506 = weight(abstract_txt:they in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018009506 = score(doc=3906,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07642257 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0212116 = boost
                3.7705102 = idf(docFreq=2708, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.23565689 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7705102 = idf(docFreq=2708, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.04986905 = weight(abstract_txt:engines in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04986905 = score(doc=3906,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15069813 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.434032 = boost
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.33092016 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.022944022 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022944022 = score(doc=3906,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10280887 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4506607 = boost
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.22317162 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.570746 = idf(docFreq=3307, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.034740217 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034740217 = score(doc=3906,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10759594 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4840499 = boost
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.32287663 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.068875946 = weight(abstract_txt:models in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.068875946 = score(doc=3906,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23547357 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5350761 = boost
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.2924997 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.679995 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.27750003 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27750003 = score(doc=3906,freq=11.0), product of:
              0.3068824 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.544472 = boost
                4.3622913 = idf(docFreq=1498, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.9042553 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                3.3166249 = tf(freq=11.0), with freq of:
                  11.0 = termFreq=11.0
                4.3622913 = idf(docFreq=1498, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
          0.2050185 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 3906) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2050185 = score(doc=3906,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.30695346 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0932775 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.667914 = fieldWeight in 3906, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3906)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Fattahi, R.; Dokhtesmati, M.; Saberi, M.: ¬A survey of internet searching skills among intermediate school students : how librarians can help (2010) 0.19
    0.18871443 = sum of:
      0.18871443 = product of:
        0.5897326 = sum of:
          0.042999223 = weight(abstract_txt:internet in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042999223 = score(doc=1138,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.0741141 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0056696 = boost
                3.7131262 = idf(docFreq=2868, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.580176 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.7131262 = idf(docFreq=2868, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.023297828 = weight(abstract_txt:work in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023297828 = score(doc=1138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07819112 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0329603 = boost
                3.8138885 = idf(docFreq=2593, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.29796004 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8138885 = idf(docFreq=2593, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.04704193 = weight(abstract_txt:case in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04704193 = score(doc=1138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12491192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3055902 = boost
                4.8204904 = idf(docFreq=947, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.3766008 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8204904 = idf(docFreq=947, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.086421385 = weight(abstract_txt:behavior in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.086421385 = score(doc=1138,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1487138 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4245594 = boost
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.58112556 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.259748 = idf(docFreq=610, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.107969664 = weight(abstract_txt:engines in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.107969664 = score(doc=1138,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15069813 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.434032 = boost
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.7164632 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.2947226 = idf(docFreq=589, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.053184878 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053184878 = score(doc=1138,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10759594 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4840499 = boost
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.4943019 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.6529322 = idf(docFreq=3046, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.13821147 = weight(abstract_txt:poor in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13821147 = score(doc=1138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2562378 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.869935 = boost
                6.9041605 = idf(docFreq=117, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.5393875 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.9041605 = idf(docFreq=117, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
          0.090606235 = weight(abstract_txt:libraries in 1138) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.090606235 = score(doc=1138,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30695346 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0932775 = boost
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0198475 = queryNorm
              0.29517907 = fieldWeight in 1138, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7782922 = idf(docFreq=2687, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1138)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)